Mass Comm 103: Prof. Craig: Presidents After Lincoln
Presidents After Lincoln
|Andrew Johnson||Ulysses S. Grant||Rutherford B. Hayes||James Garfield||Chester A. Arthur|
- At end of “Era of Bearded Presidents”
- All five had been Union officers in Civil War
- Johnson was first president to be impeached (missed being removed from office by one vote)
- Johnson only president to later serve in U.S. Senate
- Grant's presidency rocked by scandal - corruption was found in seven Federal departments, including the Navy, Justice, War, Treasury, Interior, State, and the Post Office.
- Grant died essentially penniless from collapse of his son's brokerage firm
- Hayes-Tilden election was closest ever at the time - congressional commission cut a deal with Hayes
- Hayes grew to hate the office and didn't seek second term
- Garfield had been Union officer, then in Congress for 17 years
- Garfield's presidency lasted less than a year; was second president assassinated
- Arthur had been chosen as a compromise candidate for vice president, became reformer
- Arthur was not nominated for re-election
The four presidents before Lincoln (Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan) and the five after (above) are regularly listed by historians as among the worst presidents in U.S. history.